Alabama Facts

State Flower


State Bird


State Tree

Southern Longleaf Pine


State Capitol



Largest City



Highest Point

Cheaha Mountain

Major Lakes

  • Lake Guntersville
  • Wheeler Lake
  • Lake Eufaula
  • Pickwick Lake
  • Lake Martin

Major Rivers

  • Tennessee River
  • Alabama River
  • Tombigbee River
  • Chattahoochee River
  • Coosa River


Rosa Parks, Helen Keller, Condoleezza Rice, Coretta Scott King, George Washington Carver


Hank Aaron, Joe Louis, Willie Mays, Charles Barkley, Bobby Bowden, Bo Jackson, Vonetta Flowers, Jesse Owens, Bart Starr


Howard Finster, Pinky Bass, Spider Martin, Woodie Long, Lonnie Holley, Charlie Lucas, Nall, Frank Fleming, Mose Tolliver, Betty Grisham, Zelda Sayre Fitzgerald, William Christenberry, Evan Wilson


W.C. Handy, Lionel Richie, Hank Williams, Nat King Cole, Taylor Hicks, Ruben Studdard, Sun Ra, Percy Sledge, Tammy Wynette, Shelby Lynne, Jimmy Buffett

Movies & Books Set in Alabama

To Kill a Mockingbird, Forrest Gump, Big Fish, Fried Green Tomatoes, The MIracle Worker, Crazy in Alabama, All Over but the Shoutin’


Rick Bragg, Fannie Flagg, Zora Neale Hurston, Harper Lee, Tobias Wolff


Courteney Cox, Channing Tatum, Tallulah Bankhead, Jim Nabors, Octavia Spencer

Leading Industries

Agriculture (corn, cotton, soybeans, peanuts, livestock and poultry), mining (iron ore, limestone and coal), hydroelectric power, steel-manufacturing, automotive manufacturing (Toyota, Hyundai, Honda and Mercedes Benz)

State Foods

Pecans, Peaches, Blackberries

State Mammal

Black Bear

Alabama makes up 52,419 square miles. The state is 190 miles wide and 330 miles long.

There are 67 counties and 460 incorporated cities and towns in Alabama.

Rainfall across the state is lowest in October and highest in March.

Summer temperatures can reach 100 degrees, peaking in mid-July.

Winter temperatures are mild. For Birmingham, the average low for January is 33 degrees, while the high is 54. For Mobile, the average low is 40 and the high 61.

The first electric streetcar in the world ran down Dexter Avenue in Montgomery.

America's first Mardi Gras was celebrated in Mobile in 1703, 15 years before New Orleans' carnival began.


The world's largest cast-iron statue is in Birmingham. Vulcan is 56 feet tall and weighs 120,000 pounds.

The first 911 call in the United States was made in Haleyville in 1968.

Alabama is the only state with all the natural resources on hand to make iron and steel.

Alabama boasts 77,000 miles of river and stream channels.

The state is home to 36 National Historic Landmarks and more than 1,200 sites that are included in the National Register of Historic Places.

Dauphin Island is one of the top birding spots in the Southeast. The entire island is an Audubon Bird Sanctuary, home to more than 347 species.


Birmingham's Barber Vintage Motorsports Museum is home to one of the largest collections of vintage motorcycles and vehicles in the world.

State Fish

Tarpon & Largemouth Bass

State Amphibian

Red Hills Salamander

You'll find the world's only known monument to an insect pest in Enterprise. The boll weevil monument was erected to encourage farmers to grow crops other than cotton.

The state is home to one of the country's oldest college football rivalries, between the University of Alabama and Auburn University. The first Iron Bowl was played in 1893.

The town of Magnolia Springs has the only all-water mail route in the United States.

Alabama's Lake Eufaula has been called the "Bass Fishing Capital of the World."

The United States Army Aviation Museum in Fort Rucker boasts more than 160 military aircraft, including one of the world's largest collections of military helicopters.


The Saturn V rocket, which led to man's first steps on the moon, was built in Alabama. Named one of the "Seven Wonders of America," the rocket remains on display at the U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville.

There are 11 historic covered bridges throughout the state of Alabama.

More than 760,000 people visited Alabama's seven national parks in 2011.

More than 240 species of freshwater fish, marine fish and shellfish are commercially harvested in Alabama. More than 60 species of crab can be found in Alabama waters.

Dothan, located in the Wiregrass region, has been dubbed the "Peanut Capital of the World."

Summerdale's Alligator Alley is home to Captain Crunch, who is more than 13 feet long and holds the world record for bite strength.

More than 100 historic plantation homes still stand in Alabama.